The "3P" paradigm – prevention, protection, and prosecution – continues to serve as the fundamental international framework used by the United States and the world to combat contemporary forms of slavery. The U.S. Department of State's Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons employs diplomatic, economic, political, legal, and cultural tools to advance the "3P" paradigm worldwide. The "fourth P" – partnership – serves as a pathway to progress in the effort against modern slavery. The paradigm is outlined in the United Nation's (UN) trafficking in persons protocol and the United States' Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA).
|Prevention efforts are a key component of the global movement to monitor and combat human
trafficking. Prevention activities come in many forms and encapsulate cross-cutting endeavors.
|Protection is key to the victim-centered approach pursued by the United States and the
international community in efforts to combat modern slavery. Key victim protection
efforts include the "three Rs" – rescue, rehabilitation, and reintegration.
|The prosecution of traffickers is the third element of the "3P" paradigm by which the world
pursues this shadowy crime. The Trafficking In Persons Report assesses individual countries’
efforts to prosecute trafficking offenders, as per the TVPA's minimum standards.
|Combating human trafficking requires the expertise, resources and efforts of many individuals
and entities. It is a complex, multi-faceted issue requiring a comprehensive response of
government and nongovernment entities in such areas as human rights, labor and employment,
health and services, and law enforcement. It requires partnerships among all of these entities to
have a positive impact. Partnerships augment efforts by bringing together diverse experience,
amplifying messages, and leveraging resources, thereby accomplishing more together than any
one entity or sector would be able to alone.
Human trafficking is modern day slavery. Each day people are bought and sold as sex slaves in the United States. There are 42 task forces and different networking groups that are necessary, needed, and available to combat Human Trafficking. Each one of these groups have specialized experience that will assist in combating this evil in our society. U.S. Missions is taking a stand against human trafficking.
Over the past 15 years, “trafficking in persons” and “human trafficking” have been used as umbrella terms for activities involved when someone obtains or holds a person in compelled service.
The United States government considers trafficking in persons to include all of the criminal conduct involved in forced labor and sex trafficking, essentially the conduct involved in reducing or holding someone in compelled service. Under the Trafficking Victims Protection Act as amended (TVPA) and consistent with the United Nations Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children (Palermo Protocol), individuals may be trafficking victims regardless of whether they once consented, participated in a crime as a direct result of being trafficked, were transported into the exploitative situation, or were simply born into a state of servitude. Despite a term that seems to connote movement, at the heart of the phenomenon of trafficking in persons are the many forms of enslavement, not the activities involved in international transportation.
• Has unexplained absences from school for a period of time, and is therefore a truant
• Demonstrates an inability to attend school on a regular basis
• Chronically runs away from home
• Makes references to frequent travel to other cities
• Exhibits bruises or other physical trauma, withdrawn behavior, depression, or fear
• Lacks control over her or his schedule or identification documents
• Is hungry-malnourished or inappropriately dressed (based on weather conditions or surroundings)
• Shows signs of drug addiction
Additional signs that may indicate sex-related trafficking include:
• Demonstrates a sudden change in attire, behavior, or material possessions (e.g., has expensive items)
• Makes references to sexual situations that are beyond age-specific norms
• Has a “boyfriend” who is noticeably older (10+ years)
• Makes references to terminology of the commercial sex industry that are beyond age specific norms; engages in promiscuous
behavior and may be labeled “fast” by peers
• In cases of immediate emergencies, it is best to call your local police department or emergency access number.
• You can report suspected trafficking crimes or get help by calling the national 24/7 toll-free Human Trafficking Resource Center
at 1-888-373-7888. This center will help you determine if you have encountered a victim of human trafficking; identify local
resources available in your community to help victims; and coordinate with local social service providers to help protect and serve
victims so they can begin the process of rehabilitation and restoring their lives. When appropriate, theResource Center makes
referrals to local organizations that assist victims with counseling, case management, legal advice, and other appropriate services,
as well as to law enforcement agencies that help trapped victims reach safety.
• For sexually exploited or abused minors call the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children’s (NCMEC) hotline at
1-800-THE-LOST to be connected with the most appropriate assistance in your area, or you can report incidents
• You can report suspected instances of trafficking or worker exploitation by contacting the FBI field office nearest you
at http://www.fbi.gov/contact/fo/fo.htm or by contacting the Department of Justice’s Human Trafficking Office at 1-888-428-7581.
Contrary to a common assumption, human trafficking is not just a problem in other countries. Cases of human trafficking have been reported in all 50 states, Washington D.C., and some U.S. territories. Victims of human trafficking can be children or adults, U.S. citizens or foreign nationals, male or female.
According to U.S. government estimates, thousands of men, women, and children are trafficked to the United States for the purposes of sexual and labor exploitation. An unknown number of U.S. citizens and legal residents are trafficked within the country primarily for sexual servitude and, to a lesser extent, forced labor.
The U.S. government supports a victim-centered approach. It funds a national public awareness campaign and a number of nongovernmental organizations that assist victims. The U.S. government seriously pursues human trafficking cases and prosecutes the traffickers.
Jesus quoted the Scripture:
“The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he has anointed me to preach good news to the poor. He has sent me to proclaim freedom for the prisoners and recovery of sight for the blind, to release the oppressed, to proclaim the year of the Lord's favor" (Luke 4:18-19 Isa. 61:1-2, NIV).
Reading His Words and observing what the Constitution of the United States of America states, how can we ignore those who cannot speak for themselves?
"We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, ensure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America." — Preamble to the Constitution
National Human Trafficking Hotline: 1-888-3737-888
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